Belo Horizonte (Brazil)
Belo Horizonte is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais and located in the southeastern region of Brazil. It is the third-largest metropolitan area in the country and has a population of over 2.4 million, with 5.7 million in the official Metropolitan Area (IBGE, 2014). Considering the rather moderate ambition level of Brazil’s NDC, local action in cities play a crucial role for climate change mitigation. Belo Horizonte is one example of an active mid-sized city commited to sustainable development.
Transport: Car and motorcycle ownership in Belo Horizonte has increased signifianclty in recent years as a side effect of growing welfare levels. Accoridingly, the modal share in Belo Horizonte suffered significant changes in the last 17 years: The share of trips by private motor vehicles increased from 20,7% to 36,6% while public transport trips reduced from 44,6% to 28,1%. As the first city in Brazil, Belo Horizonte developed a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan, called PlanMob-BH, in 2013. The plan consists of elements such as a integrated public transport network composed of metro lines and a bus rapid transit (BRT) system with exclusive bus corridors; a bikeway network with the installation of protected bike lanes and a public bicycle sharing system; and a pedestrian facilities network. The BRT system was expected to cut travel times significantly compared to the previous bus system and to provide a safe and comfortable inner city transport means (ITDP, 2014).