City Actions in Hai Phong (Vietnam)
With a population of 1.96 million (2015), Hai Phong is the third largest city in Vietnam. The city plays a critical role within the region owing to its strategic location within the Red River Delta and along the coast of the South China Sea, as well as its proximity to the capital city of Hanoi, situated 100 km to the east. The Port of Hai Phong is the largest container port in northern Vietnam, which has resulted in the city becoming one of the largest marine distribution centres with a concentration of multiple large-scale manufacturing, industrial complexes and international free-trade zones.
From the perspective of low-carbon urban development, Hai Phong’s local governmental policies are connected with corresponding national strategies. Three of these policies are especially important. The first one is the National Green Growth Strategy (2012) which aims at a 30% GHG emission reduction by 2030. Based on this policy, the city has framed its own Green Growth Strategy Action Plan (2014). Along with the intent of achieving low-carbon growth for urban and industrial areas, this plan also aims at developing Hai Phong as a ‘Green Port City’. The second major policy document is the National Socio-economic Development Plan (SEDP). Based on the SEDP’s directives, the local department for planning and investment (DPI) prepares the city’s five-year master plans (the current one being for the 2016-2020 period). The plan sets targets for GDP growth, poverty reduction, industrial production, taxation and public expenditure. Thirdly, Hai Phong also adheres to a spatial master plan prepared at the national level by the MOT, which guides the city’s urban planning and port development projects. For effective implementation of these multiple plans, it is essential that the local government builds synergies between diverse actions and facilitates coordination among all line agencies.