Melaka city is the capital of Melaka state, with a population of over 480,000 inhabitants. Melaka city has adopted the Green City Action Plan (GCAP), which targets city transformation into a low carbon city. In the GCAP, energy, transport and waste are given importance among other projects such as tourism and water management. The GCAP prioritises GHG emission reductions in the energy sector through preparing a comprehensive energy plan and implementing demonstration projects that reduce energy consumption.
As of 2017, the city has implemented over 1600 LED street lamps, Melaka city plan also aims to further save 40 to 70% of energy by using timers and motion sensors to reduce energy consumption during low activity hours. In terms of transport, the GCAP proposes to provide alternatives to motorised personal transport. The proposed interventions include a comprehensive transportation plan to prioritised public transport, convert existing public fleet to fuel-efficient vehicles. Melaka city administration has already introduced projects such as bike sharing, electric vehicles for public transport and the use of electric scooters as an alternative to conventionally fuelled scooters. Furthermore, with the support of international entities such as Institution for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the city has conducted studies to redesign streets for sustainable mobility and reduce the priority to personal cars.
The GCAP proposes to put Melaka city on a “zero- waste” path and reduce the GHG emissions from the waste sector. The strategies include expansion of waste collection, segregation and
increase the recycling rate. As of 2017, Melaka city has already implemented policies that ban polystyrene and plastic bags. This ban was encouraged with a large awareness campaign titled “Don’t Mess with Melaka”.
Overall the GCAP for the city aligns with the Low Carbon City Framework (LCCF), and through the interventions in the GCAP, the 4 key areas (Urban Environment, buildings, Urban Infrastructure, and Urban Transport) in of the LCCF are addressed (Melaka City, 2017).