City Actions in Nairobi (Kenya)
Nairobi is the capital of Kenya and is located on the edge of the country's agricultural region of the central highlands and 1800 meters above sea level - this contributes to lower average temperatures and creates an area where rainfall is relatively higher than in the surrounding areas. Nairobi as a city was established by the colonial powers in the late 1890s, initially as a railway camp, and now is the second largest city by population size in the Great Lakes region – after Dar es Salaam in Tanzania – and is Africa’s Green City in the Sun and East Africa’s economic powerhouse (World Bank, 2016).
The metropolitan City of Nairobi is regarded as Kenya engine for economic growth and more than a third of the urban population lives in the City of Nairobi (and Mombasa). It is also home to the UN-Habitat and UN-Environment organisation’s headquarters, IBM, Intel and Google also use Nairobi as their base for its African operations. An estimated 3.9 million people live in the City of Nairobi (The Conversation, 2018) – this is a double since the 1986 census (Metcalf, J. 2016). Population density in Nairobi varies greatly, peaking in the city’s slums, which house roughly 2.5 million people in about 200 settlements. Roughly 60 percent of Nairobi’s population occupies just 6 percent of the land.