City Actions in Quito (Ecuador)
Quito, the capital of Ecuador, has a population of 2.7 million inhabitants. In 2011, it generated 5,164,946 tCO2-eq, which per capita represent 2.55 tCO2-eq. Quito aims at reducing its ecological footprint in 5% every year, starting in 2019. Quito has very good indicators in terms of service provision and coverage, but it is just starting to introduce environmental-friendly practices in their collection and management.
Transport: Public transport in Quito accounts for 62% of the total trips. Quito possesses a comprehensive public transportation system that consists of 5 BRT lines, their corresponding feeder buses, and conventional buses. This system has already reached capacity. Thus, the municipality decided to build the first subway line, which is supposed to start operations in 2019. Furthermore, the municipality aims at replacing the fossil-fuelled BRT fleet with electric buses. A transit-oriented development strategy and control of the urban expansion still need to be implemented to have higher social and environmental returns from the high investments in public transport.